What breaks the fast?

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The Cause The Ruling The Mufti The Condition
1 Smelling or applying liquid based perfumes or incense Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh Ibn al-‘Uthaymin & Shaykh Ibn Baz It is permissible to smell incense as long as you do not inhale or ingest it.
2 Nose & Mouth bleed Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh Ibn al-‘Uthaymin & Shaykh Salih al-Fawzan Swallowing blood should be avoided.
3 Using an Inhaler Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh Ibn al-‘Uthaymin & Shaykh Muqbil  
4 Removing a tooth Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh Ibn al-‘Uthaymin & Shaykh Salih al-Fawzan  
5 Blood test Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh Ibn al-‘Uthaymin & Shaykh Salih al-Fawzan Unless the extraction of blood equates to the same amount of blood extracted from cupping or transferring blood.
6 Masturbation BREAKS THE FAST Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin If the person doesn’t ejaculate then he needs to repent from this sin, however the fast is still valid.
7 Nose Drops Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin Unless taste of drops reaches throat or stomach.
8 Nosebleeds Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin Unless the cause of bleeding happens intentionally.
9 Tasting food Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin It is permissible for the one preparing meal to taste food using the tip of tongue while taking precaution in not swallowing anything.
10 Lying, Swearing or using Bad speech Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin Nonetheless, using bad speech reduces the reward of fasting.
11 Sexual Relations BREAKS THE FAST Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin  

 

 

 
12 Wet dream or waking up junub from relations the night before Doesn’t break the fast The Permanent Committee of Major Scholars & Shaykh Ibn Baz  
13 Using toothpaste or mouthwash Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh Ibn Baz, Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin & Shaykh Salih al-Fawzan However it is preferred to avoid using strong toothpaste or mouthwash as they may reach throat.
14 Vomiting Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh Ibn Baz Unless vomiting happens intentionally.
15 Kissing & Hugging Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin This is only allowed if it does not lead to sexual arousal. The emission of prostatic fluid does not break the fast unless resulted in ejaculation.
16 Cutting hair or trimming nails Doesn’t break the fast The Permanent Committee of Major Scholars  
17 Having a shower or bath Doesn’t break the fast The Permanent Committee of Major Scholars & Shaykh Ibn Baz If the person swallows water unintentionally, the fast is still valid & he doesn’t have to make up – Ibn Baz
18 Applying henna Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin  
19 Swimming or diving into water Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin Nonetheless, it is disliked to swim while fasting, especially in sea water – Shaykh Muqbil.
20 Eating or drinking BREAKS THE FAST Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin Unless eating or drinking happens unintentionally.
21 Cupping BREAKS THE FAST The Permanent Committee of Major Scholars The Prophet (sas) said: “The one cupping & the one undergoing cupping both break the fast.” (Sahih Abi Dawud no. 2074)
22 Anesthetic injection Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin  
23 Nutritional Injections BREAKS THE FAST Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin Nutritional injections are considered similar to food.
24 Using cosmetics or make-up Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin & Shaykh Ibn Baz  
25 Eye drops Doesn’t break the fast Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin & Ibn Taymiyyah Doesn’t break the fast even if taste of drops reaches throat.

 

Source: Masjid Daar Us Sunnah Newsletter (London) which was taken from Fatawa al-Lajnah ad-Daimah lil-Buhuth al- ‘ilmiyah wal-ifta, Ash-Sharh al-Mumti’ by Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin, Majalis Sharh ar-Ramadan by Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin, Fatawa Ramadan by Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin, al-Muntaqa min fatawa ash-Shaykh Salih al-Fawzan, Fatawa Arkan al-Islam by Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymin, Majmu al-Fatawa ash-Shaykh Ibn Baz.