When is Laylatul-Qadr

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The Night of Al-Qadr is in the last ten nights of Ramadaan, based on the saying of the Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa Sallam)

“Search for the Night of Al-Qadr in the last ten nights of Ramadaan.”
[Saheeh Bukhaaree and Saheeh Muslim]

And it falls in one of the odd nights more likely than on the even nights, based on the Prophet’s (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa Sallam) saying

“Search for the Night of Al-Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten nights of Ramadaan.”
[Saheeh Bukhaaree]

And it is closer to the last seven nights, based on the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar (raa) that,

“Some men from the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa Sallam) saw the Night of Al-Qadr in a dream during the last seven nights (of Ramadaan). So the Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa Sallam) said: ‘I see that all of your dreams agree that it (the Night of Al-Qadr) is in the last seven nights. So whoever wants to search for it, then let him search for it in the last seven nights.’”
[Saheeh Bukhaaree and Saheeh Muslim]

And it is also based on the hadeeth in Muslim from Ibn ‘Umar (raa) that the Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa Sallam) said:

“Look for it in the last ten nights. But if one of you becomes weak or is unable, then do not let the remaining (last) seven nights overcome him.”
[Saheeh Muslim]

Amongst the odd nights in the last seven nights, it is closest to the twenty-seventh night due to the hadeeth of Ubay Bin Ka’ab (raa) who said,

“By Allaah, I know which night it is. It is on the night that Allaah’s Messenger (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa Sallam) commanded us to perform the Night Prayer. It is on the twenty-seventh night.”
[Saheeh Muslim]

However, many Muslims restrict it to only one night, i.e. 27th Of Ramadan. Yes, that is more likely to be the night of Al-Qadr, but it is incorrect to single it out based on the evidences mentioned above.  The Night of Al-Qadr is not specified to one fixed night each year. Rather, it constantly changes. So one year it could occur on the 27th night for example and on another year it could occur on the 25th night, according to Allaah’s Will and Wisdom. The evidence for this is the Prophet’s (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa Sallam) saying: “Look for it (i.e. the Night of Al-Qadr) when there remain nine nights, when there remains seven nights, or when there remains five nights (i.e. 21st, 23rd, and 25th respectively without mention of 27th).”

Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr said in Fath-ul-Baaree: “The strongest opinion is that it is on an odd night in the last ten nights and that it constantly changes.”

Allaah has hidden knowledge of its occurrence from His servants out of mercy for them so that they can increase their actions in the search for it during these honorable nights, by praying, making dhikr and supplicating. So they grow and increase in the nearness to Allaah and His reward. And He also kept it hidden from them as a test for them to distinguish who amongst them struggles and makes an effort to find it and who is lazy and negligent. This is since whoever constantly strives for something, he will exert himself in his search for it and trouble himself in finding it and achieving it.

[Based on Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al-‘Uthaimeen’s work in his book Majaalis Shahr Ramadaan (pg. 106-107)]