Tafsir Ibn Kathir
Tafsir in Islamic sense means detailed study of verses and the science of correctly understanding. Tafsir Ibn Kathir is one of the earliest, easiest and most read commentary of Quran. Ibn Kathir was born in the city of Busra in 701 H. His father was the Friday speaker of the village, but he died while Ibn Kathir was only four years old. Ibn Kathir’s brother, Shaykh Abdul-Wahhab, reared him and taught him unt il he moved to Damascus in 706 H. , when he was five years old. Ibn Kathir studied Fiqh – Islamic jurisprudence – with Burhan Ad-Din,Ibrahim bin ` Abdur-Rahman Al-Fizari, known as Ibn Al-Firkah (whodied in 729 H). Ibn Kathir heard Hadiths f rom ` Isa bin Al-Mut im, Ahmad bin Abi Talib, (Ibn Ash-Shahnah) (who died in 730 H), Ibn Al-Haj j ar, (who died in 730 H), and the Hadith narrator of Ash-Sham (modern day Syria and surrounding areas); Baha Ad-Din Al-Qasim binMuzaf far bin ` Asakir (who died in 723 H), and Ibn Ash-Shirdzi, Ishaqbin Yahya Al-Ammuddi, also known as ` Af if Ad-Din, the Zahiriyyah Shaykh who died in 725 H, and Muhammad bin Zarrad. He remainedwith Jamal Ad-Din, Yusuf bin Az-Zaki AlMizzi who died in 724 H, he benef ited f rom his knowledge and also married his daughter. He also read with Shaykh Al-Islam, Taqi Ad-Din Ahmad bin ` Abdul-Halim bin` Abdus-Salam bin Taymiyyah who died in 728 H. He also read with the Imam Haf iz and historian Shams Ad-Din, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Uthman bin Qaymaz Adh-Dhahabi, who died in 748 H. Also, Abu Musa Al-Qarafai, Abu Al-Fath Ad-Dabbusi and ‘Ali bin ` Umar As-Suwani andothers who gave him permission to transmit the knowledge he learned with them in Egypt.